HLEDÁNÍ PŘÍČIN VYSOKÉ MÍRY APOSTÁZE V BAHÁʾISMU

Magdalena Vytlačilová

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APOSTASY AND THE LEVEL OF ACTIVITY IN THE BAHÁ’I FAITH

Abstract: The Bahá’i faith is usually described as one of fastest growing religions in the world. In
the following article the numbers of Bahaʾi adherents given by the official Baha’i statistics and by
the Association of Religious Data Archives (the Arda) is compared with numbers from the latest
censuses. Worldwide there are less than 700 thousand active Baháʾists, which is in conflict with the
numbers given by Arda and by Baha’i statistic (from six to seven millions of adherents). Although an
attempt to prove that the data provided by Baháʾis are false or inflated is not made, an argument
is presented that this data reflects good missionary results. However, since the Bahaʾi faith lacks
conversion rituals and collective rituals which would strength religious identity, it is argued here that
the Baháʾi faith is not able to turn new converts into stable adherents.

Keywords: the Bahá’i faith; apostasy; conversion; religious identity; Bahá’ist
THEOLOGICAL REVIEW, Vol. 92, 2021, No. 1, Number of Article 4, p. 54 – 70.

DOI: 10.14712/12117617.92.1.4

OSOBNOST ŠIMONA BÁRTY (1864-1940), OSMÉHO ČESKOBUDĚJOVICKÉHO BISKUPA, V OBDOBÍ PŘED JEHO EPISKOPÁTEM

Marek Šmíd

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THE PERSONALITY OF ŠIMON BÁRTA (1864-1940), THE EIGHTH BISHOP OF ČESKÉ BUDĚJOVICE,
IN THE PERIOD BEFORE HIS EPISCOPATE

Abstract: The study deals with the personality of Šimon Bárta in the period before his episcopate.
It follows his Roman formation, his pastoral work in Sedlice, his pedagogical activities in České
Budějovice and Pelhřimov, his open dispute with the authority of Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk and his
publishing activities in many regional newspapers and magazines. It reflects Bárta’s transformation,
when it gradually became an educated priest, a far-sighted spiritual and wise youth guide, as
contemporaries from his surroundings agreed. It emphasizes his Roman formation, during which
the educational method he acquired was able to provide the spiritual, moral and religious influence
and influence him and his surroundings. He considered obedience to the church and the main
authorities to be an unreserved priority in his thinking, to which he also subordinated his decisions.
However, the Roman school not only influenced his human perosonality, but also successfully
influenced it as a spiritual shepherd, preacher, and publicist. These facts certainly played a role in
his appointment as Bishop of České Budějovice in 1920, when the Holy See saw him as a suitable
candidate considering the new conditions in the country after the World War I.

Keywords: Šimon Bárta; the Catholic Church; Czech Lands in the nineteenth and twentienth century;
Vatican

THEOLOGICAL REVIEW, Vol. 92, 2021, No. 1, Number of Article 3, p. 38 – 53.
DOI: 10.14712/12117617.92.1.3

ORTODOXNÉ OBYVATEĽSTVO HORNÉHO UHORSKA A REFORMÁCIA

Peter Konya

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THE ORTHODOX POPULATION OF UPPER HUNGARY AND THE REFORMATION

Abstract: Since the late Middle Ages, a large population of Eastern Rite Romanians, Ruthenians
and Serbs lived in the peripheral areas of the Kingdom of Hungary. Hundreds in the northern
and north-eastern parts of Upper Hungary, which occupy the north-east of the country, were
inhabited by Ruthenians. Like the Romanians in Transylvania, they too were confronted with the
Reformation from the mid-sixteenth century onwards. The ideas of the Swiss Reformation were
spread among them by preachers sent and supported by the nobles who owned the vast estates on
which the Ruthenians lived, especially the Drugeth and Rákóczi families. Thanks to them, a number
of Ruthenian Reformed parishes were established in the northern and north-eastern provinces,
around Humenne and Mukachevo, which are also recorded in the surviving Reformed canonical
visitations. However, these Ruthenian Reformed congregations did not last more than a few
decades, and after the conversion of the estate owners during the recatholization, their believers
returned to the Orthodox Church.

Keywords: Reformation; Ruthenians; Eastern Christianity; church communities; magnates

THEOLOGICAL REVIEW, Vol. 92, 2021, No. 1, Number of Article 2, p. 26 – 37.
DOI: 10.14712/12117617.92.1.2

VÝCHOVA A VÝUKA BOHOSLOVCŮ CČSH

Jaroslav Hrdlička

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THE EDUCATION AND TRAINING OF THEOLOGIANS OF THE CCSH

Abstract: In the years 1931-1939 (until the establishment of the Protectorate of Bohemia and
Moravia) 117 theologians of the CČSH passed through the HČEBF, VŠB and again the HČEBF, of
whom 102 completed their studies, deaconship and priesthood, and 15 theologians finished their
studies early. Teachers and theologians of the CCHS jointly implemented the teaching programs of
their church.

Keywords: Hus Czechoslovak Evangelical Theological Faculty; Theological University; Karel Farský;
František M. Hník; František Kovář; Jan Blahoslav Kozák; Otakar Pertold; Gustav A. Procházka; Alois
Spisar; Karel Statečný

THEOLOGICAL REVIEW, Vol. 92, 2021, No. 1, Number of Article 1, p. 9 – 25.
DOI: 10.14712/12117617.92.2021.1.1